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  • Michael Sawicki

IRS Updates Contributions to 401(k) Plans and IRAs

By: Michael P. Sawicki. Esq.


On November 1, 2023, the Internal Revenue Service announced that that the amount individuals can contribute to their 401(k) plans has increased from $22,500 for 2023 to $23,000 for 2024.


The limit on annual contributions to an IRA increased to $7,000, up from $6,500. The IRA catch‑up contribution limit for individuals aged 50 and over was amended under the SECURE 2.0 Act of 2022 (SECURE 2.0) to include an annual cost‑of‑living adjustment of $1,000 for 2024.


The catch-up contribution limit for employees aged 50 and over who participate in 401(k), 403(b), and most 457 plans, as well as the federal government’s Thrift Savings Plan remains $7,500 for 2024. Therefore, participants in such plans who are 50 and older can contribute up to $30,500, starting in 2024.


The income ranges for determining eligibility to make deductible contributions to traditional IRAs and Roth IRAs each increased for 2024. Taxpayers can deduct contributions to a traditional IRA if they meet certain conditions. If during the year either the taxpayer or the taxpayer’s spouse was covered by a retirement plan at work, the deduction may be reduced, or phased out, until it is eliminated, depending on filing status and income. If neither the taxpayer nor the spouse is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-outs of the deduction do not apply. The phase‑out ranges for 2024 are as follows:

  • For single taxpayers covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is increased to $77,000 – $87,000, up from $73,000 – $83,000.

  • For married couples filing jointly, if the spouse making the IRA contribution is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is increased to $123,000 – $143,000, up from $116,000 – $136,000.

  • For an IRA contributor who is not covered by a workplace retirement plan and is married to someone who is covered, the phase-out range is increased to $230,000 – $240,000, up from $218,000 – $228,000.

  • For a married individual filing a separate return who is covered by a workplace retirement plan, the phase-out range is not subject to an annual cost-of-living adjustment and remains between $0 and $10,000.

The deductible limit on charitable distributions for 2024 increased from $100,000 to $105,000.


Details on these and other retirement-related cost-of-living adjustments for 2024 can be found in Notice 2023-75, available on IRS.gov.


If you have any questions regarding these updates from the IRS, please contact Batoff Associates. P.A. at 410-864-6211.

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